Khalilzad, the veteran diplomat who led U.S. peace efforts and was himself from Afghanistan, has long insisted that the U.S. is not seeking a withdrawal agreement, but “a peace agreement that allows withdrawal.” “The deal will mean nothing — and today`s good feelings won`t last — unless we take concrete steps regarding the commitments and promises declared,” Pompeo said. The new US president continued the plan to withdraw troops, but extended the deadline until August 31. By signing the Doha Agreement with the Islamic Emirate, the U.S. government gave its explicit consent to the formation of a new government in Afghanistan that would replace the then existing official and elected government recognized by both the United States and the international community, a member of the United Nations, the government of a country, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, Officially named a Major Non-NATO Ally (MNNA) of the United States on July 8, 2012. The United States has therefore committed itself with the Islamic Emirate to maintain positive relations with the emirate itself and with the new Islamic government after the settlement and to seek economic cooperation with it[3]. The legal nature of these obligations is unclear, as the Doha Agreement is not a treaty or an executive agreement[4]. The key point, however, is to identify the political intentions behind the agreement. The Doha agreement, signed in February 2020, set a date for the full withdrawal of U.S. troops by May 2021 The collapse of the Afghan government and its security forces dates back to a 2020 agreement between the Taliban and the Trump administration that promised a complete withdrawal of U.S. troops, senior Pentagon officials told Congress. The agreement, reached by Donald Trump and signed in Doha, Qatar, in February 2020, called for the withdrawal of US and allied (including British) troops from Afghanistan by May 2021.

Indeed, the dramatic situation of US forces and civilian personnel in Kabul does not reflect the position of a government that has negotiated an agreement with the current political force that controls de facto. The situation in which the evacuation of Karzai airport took place appears to be more that of an emergency evacuation from a country occupied by a hostile military power and controlled by a hostile de facto government. Retaliation against al-Qaeda and its Taliban allies was the trigger for the US invasion. But it is an emerging sense of futility that has perhaps been best demonstrated by the US acceptance of relatively small concessions by the Taliban in the deal, which has motivated successive governments` efforts to find a way out. Wednesday`s hearing was politically charged and repeatedly escalated into screams as lawmakers argued over what Democrats called partisan Republican attacks on Biden, most notably during a television interview in August in which the president denied that his commanders had recommended keeping 2,500 troops in Afghanistan. The deal promised the Taliban an earlier U.S. withdrawal by May 1, 2021, in exchange for a promise that they would prevent any group from using Afghan soil against the security of the U.S. and its allies.

Biden managed to extend the date by four months, but was still bound by the basic terms of the deal. The Biden administration believed that if the United States failed to do so, the armed forces would be able to operate by the 31st century. The Taliban could break their commitment and allow attacks on U.S. troops remaining in the country, so the only way forward is for the U.S. to go. To avoid this danger, we must withdraw and honor its end to the Doha Agreement in the hope that the Taliban would spare US forces. It is therefore clear that the agreement with the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan provides for and presupposes that the then existing government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan will soon be replaced by a “new Islamic government according to the settlement”, to be negotiated jointly between the Islamic Emirate and other unidentified “Afghan parties”. The exact procedure for such negotiations, the parties to them, the content of the negotiations are not described in detail in the agreement, there is only one date for the start of these negotiations, March 10, 2020. The Biden administration, in fact, with some amendments, delivered under the agreement signed by the Trump administration, which had not incorporated protection in the event of non-compliance with Taliban obligations in the interest of the United States. Both parties to the agreement delivered what they had agreed upon, and both administrations should take responsibility for drafting, negotiating, signing and implementing it. .